Accidents are a part of human life. Mistakes can happen at any time and can occasionally lead to disastrous results. This is perhaps most evident during car accidents. People drive cars every day, so much so that for some it becomes second nature. Despite that, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) states that over three million people get injured due to car collisions each year, making it one of the largest contributors to personal injury lawsuits and insurance claims in the country today.
Each accident is different from each other and has a unique set of circumstances that can lead to a host of diverse injuries. In an accident, some people can sustain injuries such as traumatic brain injury or eye injuries. The various injuries caused by a car crash can depend on a variety of factors, including the speed of the car, the angle at which the collision took place, the position of the people sitting in the car, as well as the mechanical and physical condition of the car.
Injuries caused by car accidents can usually be divided in to two distinct types: Impact Injuries and Penetrating Injuries. The former deals with injuries caused when the bodies of the car occupant collide with the inside of the car due to the impact of the crash. The latter refers to the damage caused when flying sharp objects inside the car manage to hit the occupants so hard that they leave cuts or gashes in their body.
Even though most injuries differ from one another, here are some of the most common ones found in car accidents around the world:
Head Injury – An unexpected stop in motion, or a sudden change in movement, especially at high speeds, can cause the car occupant’s head to either hit the dashboard or steering wheel, or even the side window, causing severe damage. This can lead to traumatic brain injuries, concussions and can cause lasting harm to a person’s memory and motor control.
Neck & Back Injury – The sudden impact felt by the body during a car accident can have a detrimental effect on a person’s back or neck. It can result in a “Whiplash” injury which occurs when the neck or back snaps forward and back, in quick succession, leading to a strain on the muscles and tendons. This can lead to a soft tissue injury, back spasms, cervical radiculopathy and even fractures.
Arm & Leg Injury – The sudden impact of a car accident can cause the car’s occupants to be thrown around like rag dolls. Sometimes, this can cause their arms to hit the side mirrors, or their legs to come in contact with the dashboard, steering wheel or the front seat. In each case, lasting damage might be possible including sprains, bruises and even breaks.
Psychological Injury – While physical injuries are usually the most pressing matter when car accidents occur, they can also have lasting psychological effects on the person involved in the crash. It can cause them emotional distress, as well as lead to more serious psychological disorders such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
If you have been in a car accident, contact an auto accident injury lawyer right away to get the compensation you deserve.